A guide that is free Essay UK
Adjectives and Adverbs
Definition – Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. They could come before the word they describe (This is certainly a cute puppy.) Or they may follow the expressed word they describe (That puppy is cute.).
Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs. A word is an adverb if it answers how, when, or where.
The adverbs that are only cause grammatical problems are the ones that answer the question how, so we will focus on these.
He speaks slowly.
Answers the question how.
He speaks very slowly.
Answers the question how slowly.
Generally, if a expressed word answers the question how, it is an adverb. It, place it there if it can have an ly added to.
She thinks slow/slowly.
She thinks how? slowly.
She is a slow/slowly thinker.
Slow does not answer how so no ly is attached. Slow is an adjective here.
She thinks fast/fastly.
Fast answers the question how, so it’s an adverb. But fast never has an ly mounted on it.
We performed bad/badly.
Badly describes how we performed.
A unique ly rule applies when four of this senses – taste, smell, look, feel – would be the verbs. Usually do not ask if these senses answer comprehensively the question how to determine if ly must be attached. Instead, ask if the sense verb will be used actively. If so, make use of the ly.
Roses smell sweet/sweetly.
Perform some roses actively smell with noses? No, so no ly paper writer.
The woman looked angry/angrily.
Did the woman actively look with eyes or are we describing her appearance?
We are only appearance that is describing so no ly.
The girl looked angry/angrily at the paint splotches.
Here the woman did look with eyes actively so the ly is added.
She feels bad/badly in regards to the news.
This woman is not feeling with fingers, so no ly.
The term good is an adjective while well is an adverb answering the question how.
You did a good job.
Good describes the task.
You did the job well.
Well answers how.
Today you smell good.
Describes your odour, not the manner in which you smell with your nose, so follow using the adjective.
You smell well for someone with a cold.
You will be actively smelling with a nose here so follow using the adverb.
When talking about health, use well always.
Examples I do not feel great.
That you do not look well today.
You might use good with feel if you are not talking about health.
I feel good about my decision to master Spanish.
A error that is common using adjectives and adverbs comes from using not the right form for comparison. For example, to describe one thing we might say poor, such as, “She is poor.” To compare two things, we ought to say poorer, like in, “this woman is the poorer associated with the two women.” To compare significantly more than a few things, we have to say poorest, as with, “this woman is the poorest of them all.”
- More effective*
Three or even more
- Most efficient *
*Usually with words of three or maybe more syllables, don’t add -er or -est. Use more or most right in front associated with the words.
Never drop the ly from an adverb when using the comparison form.
She spoke quickly.
She spoke more quickly than he did.
She spoke quicker than he did.
Talk more quietly.
When this, that, these, and the ones are accompanied by nouns, they truly are adjectives. Once they appear without a noun following them, they are pronouns.
This house is for sale.
This can be an adjective here.
It is on the market.
This is a pronoun here.
This and therefore are singular, whether they are increasingly being used as adjectives or as pronouns. This points to something nearby while that points to something “over there.”
This dog is mine.
That dog is hers.
This can be mine.
This is certainly hers.
These and those are plural, whether they are now being used as adjectives or as pronouns. These points to something nearby while those true points to something “over there.”
These babies have now been smiling for a time that is long.
These are mine.
Those babies have now been crying all day.
Those are yours.
Use rather than show comparison. Use then to answer the question when.
I would rather go skiing than rock climbing.
First we went skiing; then we went rock climbing